Powder-blue surgeonfish

IDENTIFYING FEATURES

The body is bright blue with a black and white head, a yellow dorsal fin, and white pelvic and anal fins.

Scientific name:  Acanthurus leucosternon
Common names:  Powder-blue surgeonfish, painted surgeon
Family:   Acanthuridae
Size:    Can grow up to 23cm

 

DISTRIBUTION

Indian Ocean, Oman to Sodwana Bay, South Africa.

 

HABITAT

It is found on coral reefs and shallow rocky reefs.

 

DIET

It mainly feeds on algae. It also feeds on tiny crabs and snail eggs.

 

REPRODUCTION

Small shoals gather over reefs during the breeding season to take part in courtship displays, and shed sperm and eggs into the sea.

 

CAPTURE

The beautiful colour makes it a popular marine aquarium species.

 

REGULATIONS

Daily bag limit: 10 per day.

SASSI: Not yet listed.

 

CONSERVATION

It is commonly collected for the aquarium trade. This species is found in a number of marine reserves in parts of its distribution. More research is needed to understand the long-term effects of coral reef habitat loss and degradation on this species’ populations.

 

LEAST CONCERN

Click to download this file