Old woman angelfish
Juveniles and adults have different patterns and colours. Juveniles have a dark blue background with a pattern of blue and white, vertical lines. These can be confused with other juvenile angelfish species at first glance. Adults are grey-brown but paler on the hind third. The adults are unique amongst members of this genus for their drab colour.
Scientific name: Pomacanthus rhomboides
Common names: Old woman angelfish
Size: Can grow to 46cm (3kg)
East Africa south to Knysna, South Africa.
Adults congregate above reefs, mid-water or at the surface, and are found on rocky and coral reefs. Solitary juveniles can be found in intertidal rocky pools.
They feed on small crabs and worms, sponges, sea squirts and coral polyps.
Most of the reproduction process is unknown, but the eggs and larvae are known to be free-floating and pelagic.
Adults are occasionally caught by anglers. Juveniles are popular marine aquarium fish in South Africa.
Daily bag limit: 10 per day.
SASSI: not yet listed.
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collection for the aquarium trade is very limited and localised, and does not seem to affect the global population. Some populations are present in Marine Protected Areas.